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Historical Facts about Railway Traffic in Relation to Europet
1860The first railway line Rītupe – Daugavpils built in Latvia
1870Paldiski started operating as a Railway station
18731520 mm gauge section Jelgava – Reņģe built, railway line Rīga - Reņģe completed
1897750 mm gauge railway section Valka –Rūjiena - Ipiķi – Moisakīla built on line Valka – Parnu
1904There was 650 km broad gauge and 373 km narrow-gauge tracks, which made Estonia’s rail network one of the densest in Tsartist-Russia. A few years before the First World War, the building of new railways was intense particularly in the vicinity of Tallinn and on the Estonian islands.
1920Republic of Estonia started constructing the new railway lines.
1921Declaration of independence of Latvia – already on the 15th of February, 1921 a direct traffic between Riga and Virbaļi was opened and on the 19th of August the same year a direct train carriage railway was prolonged to Paris and Ostend, including Riga as the final destination of the Nord Express
1924Suburban electric railway traffic started operation in Estonia
1928The Estonian parliament Riigikogu passed the railway network development plan for the period 1928-1937. The domestic machine-building was on the rise. Franz Krull factory in Tallinn built ten new steam engines. Freight wagons were built in Valga.
1933-1934About 8 million passengers travelled on Estonian railway.
1938Nord Express provided by the Belgian company Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits over 1435 mm gauge railway line travels from Riga to Kaunas in 3 hours 14 minutes
1940Estonia had 1447 kilometers of public railways,
1949Modern diesel trains produced in Hungary were introduced in route Tallinn – Riga – Vilnius, which could reach Vilnus from Riga in 8 hours, but Kaunas in 6 hours, which is difficult to compare to 1940 when the train to Berlin reached Kaunas in 4 h and 14 min.
1970Boarder stations Chopa, Kuznica and other stations of USSR and its brother states the wheel changing points were established. For example, in 1973 it is possible to identify in the Baltic railway official train list a direct train carriage which was travelling from Leningrad through Rēzekne and Daugavpils to Prague.
1981Several direct train carriages were on the trains of routes Riga – Berlin (trip takes 31 hours and 15 minutes), Riga – Warsaw, Tallinn – Warsaw as well as Leningrad – Warsaw and Leningrad – Berlin.